The Cannabis plant is one of the most beautiful things about it. It has several forms of weed plants, which adds to its beauty. There’s no such thing as a typical marijuana strain or cultivar, and they all come in both male and female varieties. Some are tall and thin, while others are short and thick.
Dioecious cannabis plants, which means that they develop into male and female colonies, are well-known. This is one of the reasons why growers run into problems with male plants crawling throughout their grows. In addition to males and females, cultivators and growers may encounter (and produce!) hermaphroditic and androgynous plants.
Whatever sort of marijuana you end up growing, it’s a good idea to acquire some fundamental knowledge about the variations and distinctions between different species, as well as male and female plants. You’ll also want to understand why you’d want to separate them.
When you understand these things, you’ll be better equipped to choose the best course of action for your own development patterns. We’ll go through the three species of cannabis, how gender affects plant growth, and hybrid strains and hermaphrodites in this post.
Historical origins of marijuana types
There is no scientific proof to explain the distinctions between Indica and Sativa marijuana strains or that such distinctions exist, yet these variations are widely acknowledged.
The Indica strain’s origins date back to ancient times. It was initially classified by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a French biologist, in the late 1700s. He also found out that the plants were intoxicating. It was distinct from European hemp crops of the time because they did not intoxication
Because it differed from European hemp plants (then known as Cannabis Sativa) through its distinctions, Lamarck named his Indian find Cannabis Indica for this reason. It was widely used in Western medicine during the 1800s and was considered a therapeutic cure in Europe.
The Sativa marijuana strain is the one that people seem to like smoking the most. This plant can grow up to 15 feet tall in some cases, and while it isn’t a particularly thick plant, many growers enjoy it because of how tall it can develop.
These are perfect for outdoor growing since their leaves are long, dainty, thin, and towering. The seeds are soft to the touch with no markings or spots on them. Because Sativa takes its time, do not expect it to blossom quickly. Shifting the lighting cycles may have little impact on this plant because it is slow.
Sativa is a variety of cannabis that grows in regions below 30° N, such as India, Thailand, Nigeria, Mexico, and Colombia. This plant is typically dried, cooked, and consumed. While many individuals prefer to vaporize or smoke this strain because it is more potent than the usual cannabis strains available on the market today.
Depending on the user, cannabis can also boost your creativity. This is the strain you use if you want to be energetic throughout the day because it increases your energy and allows you to think outside of the box. If you’re an artist, this one might be right up your alley. Sativa has a high THC to CBN ratio, which reflects in its name.
The energizing and stimulating effects of a Sativa strain make it ideal for daytime activity. Image by Sensi Seeds.
The THC content of Sativa-dominant strains is greater. This makes it less likely to be used for medical purposes, but it is still prevalent in Ayurvedic medicine. They’re also beneficial in the treatment of:
- Mood disorders
Growing Cannabis Sativa
Cannabis Sativa typically blooms for a longer period of time, produces less buds than Cannabis Indica, and has long thin leaves that are different from those seen on Cannabis Indica. Because they’re grown in an area near the equator with longer summers (which is also why their flowering period lasts longer), they are taller plants in general.
The vegetative phase of Cannabis Sativa growth is quicker. There are even strains developed to have shorter flowering periods. If you’re from a hotter environment or struggle to keep your room temperatures constant, a Sativa might be the strain for you; they can withstand higher temperatures than Indicas.
Cannabis Indica is a more solid strain than Sativa, but it does not have the height of Sativa. Indica strains generally reach heights of 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 meters) tall. It’s a shrub with round healthy leaves unlike Sativa, which has jagged edges. They both have marbled colored, soft seeds, although Indica is a short plant that thrives indoors.
Indica plants flower far more quickly and are much easier to alter the light cycle to stimulate, as Sativa takes some time to mature. It’s most prevalent in countries like Nepal, Lebanon, Morocco, and Afghanistan, where it grows at an elevation of about 30° N.
Indica plants have tighter buds and flowers than Sativa plants, due to their Indica dominance. The resin content in Indica is more than that of Sativa, which is why it’s the kind of plant you’d choose for hashish production. However, it’s worth noting that there isn’t a lot of scientific evidence to back up these claims. Within the indica vs. sativa distinction, there are numerous variations, and many researchers believe we shouldn’t generalize the psychotropic and other effects of different strains.
Cannabis Indica has lovely healing qualities, and helps with:
- Alleviating pain
- Inducing relaxation of muscles
- Muscle spasms
- Calming anxiety
- Headache and migraine relief
Growing Cannabis Indica
Cannabis Indica is a kind of medical marijuana typically associated with greater yield, faster flowering time, and narrower and larger leaves than a Sativa. They’re plants that are on the smaller side, but they can grow quite thick. These factors motivate a lot of growers to cultivate Indicas.
Indicas are best suited to people who live in colder regions with fewer winters. Indicas are well-suited to those who live in cooler climates and have shorter winters since they have a quicker flowering period. Because of their smaller stature, cultivating them indoors is simple as well.
Industrial hemp marijuana types
Industrial hemp or Cannabis sativa, which is usually found in the northern hemisphere and is cultivated for industrial purposes, is a form of marijuana produced exclusively for industrial applications. It was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago.
Hemp can be refined into a variety of commercial products including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.
What Determines Sativa or Indica?
Readers are already aware that the smelly scents generated by many cannabis strains are caused by terpenes, the distinct molecules in the plant that are comparable to cannabinoids like THC and CBD.
The origin of a strain’s name is based on the terpene content, not the presence or absence of a particular cannabinoid or cannabinoid in a certain amount.
Myrcene, the most prevalent terpene in cannabis, has been proven to help people sleep and fight anxiety and sleeplessness. An indica strain is defined as having more than 0.5 percent myrcene if it is present in large amounts in a plant variety. If the amount of myrcene is less than one half of one percent, the plant type is considered a sativa.
The entourage effect, also known as the “full spectrum effect,” is an example of a dynamic in which cannabis and terpenes work in tandem to provide therapeutic efficacy. Many terpenes serve as buffers or amplifiers for major cannabinoids like THC.
Physical differences between strains
Different strains of plants are differentiated using physical distinctions, such as height, branching patterns, and the form of the leaves. This is where the terms “indica” and “sativa” originate.
Indica plants are shorter than sativa plants, have a woody stem rather than a fibrous one, and develop more swiftly. Indica crops grow faster than sativa ones.
There is uncertainty about what caused these physical variations between strains. Some experts believe that differences are due to humans breeding different types, while others think that a mix of evolving adaptations and geographic isolation is to blame.
What Determines Sativa or Indica?
The special chemicals in cannabis that are similar to cannabinoids like THC and CBD, known as terpenes, have been discovered to be responsible for the sometimes pungent smells generated by many strains.
It’s not just about the types of cannabis plants that grow in your garden, but also how they’re categorized. Many people would believe that a certain strain of cannabis is classified as indica, sativa, or hybrid based on the presence or lack of a particular cannabinoid, or the quantity of cannabinoids present in the plant.
The most frequent terpene in cannabis, myrcene, is recognized to help people sleep, combat symptoms such as anxiety and sleeplessness. The strain is called indica if the amount of myrcene exceeds 0.5 percent. A sativa strain has less than 0.5% myrcene if the amount is less than one-quarter of one percent.
This example demonstrates the entourage effect, a hypothesis that cannabis chemicals and terpenes interact in harmony to produce therapeutic advantages. Many terpenes counteract or improve the effects of key cannabinoids such as THC.
Physical differences between strains
Different strains of plants are identified by botanists based on their physical distinctions, such as height, branching patterns, and leaf form. This is where “indica” and “sativa” came from.
Indica plants are shorter and have a woody stalk rather than a fibrous one, as do sativa plants. Indica plants develop more rapidly than sativa plants.
There is debate about what caused these physical distinctions between strains. Some experts believe that these differences were caused by people breeding distinct types of plants, whereas others assert that a combination of evolving adaptations and geographic isolation is to blame.
Sativa and indica are often spoken of as being more energizing or soothing, but the scientific reality is considerably more complex. Many distinct chemical compounds are involved in cannabis’ therapeutic and recreational effects.
While there may be some validity to the distinctions between the two types, it’s critical for consumers to examine the chemical composition of each strain to determine which one is best suited for them.
Within the same strains, study has found that THC concentration varies considerably, suggesting that this is also true for other cannabinoids.